Whatever the variety of the cherries, they
are all members of the Rosaceae
There are more than 600 varieties throughout the world, grouped
according to two botanical origins :
- Sweet cherries of the Prunus
avium merise cherry tree,
- Sour cherries of the Prunus
cerasus griotte cherry tree.
The sweet cherries
The merise tree originated in Europe.
It is also known as the gean or wild cherry tree.
These trees produce numerous varieties of cherries :
- Wild cherries, rather fleshy,
blackish in colour, their flesh has a thick, dull consistency. They
originated in Europe and are also known as merises.
- Slightly larger guigne cherries
are red or black. Their soft flesh is very sweet and richly flavoured.
It is with guigne cherries that
the best kirsch is made.
- Lush bigarreau cherries, ivory
or tender red in colour, have a firm crunchy flesh. Their heart
is red or yellowy red and their juice is colourless.
- The juicy Bing, purple red in
They have pretty names. For example: Coeur
de Pigeon, Early Burlat, Napoleon, Reverchon, Géant dHedelfingen,
Early Rivers, Stella...
Cherry Rocher uses Géant dHedelfingen,
with its superb dark purple colour, for its long, strong aromatic
The sour cherries
The sour cherries were developed from the Prunus
cerasus, which grew in the wild around the Caspian Sea and
the Black Sea.
During the Middle Ages cherry trees were developed especially in
Germany and England where, in 1640, there were more than 24 varieties.
The sour cherries, rich in vitamin A, grow on smaller trees with
many branches and greener leaves. These are the most used in the
preparation of liqueurs and brandies.
There are more than 300 varieties, of which :
- Montmorency, a dark red colour,
with a pale juice, fleshy and slightly acid.
- Oblacinska, very round and firm,
it is smaller in size and its stone is proportionally smaller, which
makes it an ideal cherry for stoning.
- Marasca cherry.
- Griotte cherry with its dark juice,
also called amarelle.
- Duke cherries, derived from the
crossing of sour cherries and sweet cherries, with a red translucent
flesh, tender and soft, with a colourless rather acidulated juice.
Cherry Rocher has selected at least
seven varieties for the manufacture of the best products :
- Géant dHedelfingen with its fine dark purple colour
- The black Dauphiné cherry
The cellarmans art is to know how to blend
the flavours of these different varieties and the characteristics
of each harvest to offer you Cherry Rocher top quality.